Myth: An employee’s service does not start until they have passed their probationary period
There is no magic about the use by an employer of a probationary period and it has no meaning in law. This means that an employee’s service starts at day 1 of the relationship and they have both contractual and statutory rights and protections, according to their length of service. [Please see Employment Law Myth 2].
Whilst the term “probationary period” has no legal meaning, a probationary period is a useful tool for both employer and employee to assess whether the employee is suitable for the role and the role is suitable to the employee. Used properly, it provides both parties with a date to work towards in making a decision about the relationship. Also a probationary period can be drafted into the contract of employment to give an employer flexibility in the terms which apply during that period, for example: a lower salary than might otherwise apply for someone doing the role the probationer has been employed to do, a shorter notice period, no benefits and the dis-application of the disciplinary procedure.
It also follows that if promises have been made about the package to which the employee will be entitled on successful completion of the probationary period, both parties must be clear about when the probationary period has been successfully completed. This should be done in writing. [And both parties should also be clear, preferably because this has been written down, about what promises have been made!].
It is also good practice for the employer to ensure the employee knows how they are doing, by regular monthly reviews, and they also know if and when the probationary period is going to be extended, the reasons for this and the length of the extension. There is no legal obligation to provide reasons for extending a probationary period, or even to provide reasons should the employment be terminated during or at the end of the probationary period. However the giving of sound reasons based on objective evidence, for example, of poor conduct or performance, will go some way to protecting the employer against inferences being drawn that the real reason for the dismissal was discriminatory or was for a reason where the qualifying period of service (see below) is not needed.
Even though the qualifying period of employment to make a tribunal claim for unfair dismissal is now 2 years (increased from 1 year in April 2012), I would not suggest that a probationary period lasts any longer (including any extension) than 9 – 12 months as in normal circumstances, this should be more than enough time to reach a conclusion.
Please ask me a question if you need more information about this topic!